Ekadasi (Sanskrit: एकादशी, Tamil: ஏகாதசி, Bengali: একাদশী Telugu: ఏకాదశి, ekādaśī, "Eleven"), also spelled as Ekadashi, is the eleventh lunar day (tithi) of the shukla (bright) or krishna (dark) paksha (fortnight) of every lunar month in the Hindu (Vedic) calendar (Panchang). In Hinduism and Jainism it is considered a spiritually beneficial day and is usually observed by a partial fast. Beans and grains are not eaten during Ekadasi, as on this day these two foods are believed to be contaminated by sin. Only fruits, vegetables and milk products are eaten during Ekadasi. This period of abstention runs from sunrise on the day of Ekadasi to sunrise on the day following Ekadasi.
Two Ekadasis occur in one month according to positions of the moon. The progression of the moon from full moon to new moon is divided into fifteen equal arcs. Each arc measures one lunar day, called tithi(About 12 degree distance between Sun and Moon): The time it takes the moon to traverse that distance is the length of that lunar day. Ekadashi refers to the 11 tithi, or lunar day. The eleventh tithi therefore corresponds to a precise phase of the waxing and waning moon: In the bright half of the lunar month, the moon will appear roughly 3/4 full on Ekadasi, and in the dark half of the lunar month, the moon will be about 3/4 dark on Ekadasi.
Bhagavata Purana (sk. IX, adhy. 4) notes the observation of Ekadashi by Ambarisha, a devotee of Vishnu. Astrologically Moon's position on Suddha Ekadashi will be 5th house from Sun, House of Knowledge and Purva punya and in Bahula paksha it will be 12th house from Sun, House of Moksha.
|Date||Name of the Ekadashi||Hindu Month|
|Ekadashis in January 2023|
|January 2, 2023||(Pushya) Putrada Ekadashi (Mukkoti Ekadashi)||Pushya|
|January 18, 2023||Shattila Ekadashi||Pushya|
|Ekadashis in February 2023|
|February 1, 2023||Jaya Ekadashi||Magha|
|February 16, 2023||Vijaya Ekadashi (Smarta)||Magha|
|February 17, 2023||Vijaya Ekadashi (Vaishnava)||Magha|
|Ekadashis in March 2023|
|March 3, 2023||Amalaki Ekadashi||Phalguna|
|March 18, 2023||Papmochani Ekadasi||Phalguna|
|Ekadashis in April 2023|
|April 1, 2023||Kamada Ekadashi||Chaitra|
|April 2, 2023||Kamada Ekadashi(Vaishnava)||Chaitra|
|April 16, 2023||Varuthini Ekadashi||Chaitra|
|Ekadashis in May 2023|
|May 1, 2023||Mohini Ekadashi||Vaishakha|
|May 15, 2023||Apara Ekadashi||Vaishakha|
|May 31, 2023||Nirjala Ekadashi||Jyeshtha|
|Ekadashis in June 2023|
|June 14, 2023||Yogini Ekadashi||Jyeshtha|
|June 29, 2023||Devshayani Ekadashi||Ashadha|
|Ekadashis in July 2023|
|July 13, 2023||Kamika Ekadashi||Ashadha|
|July 29, 2023||Padmini Ekadashi||Adhika Sravana|
|Ekadashi in August 2023|
|August 12, 2023||Parama Ekadashi||Adhika Sravana|
|August 27, 2023||Putrada Ekadashi (Sravana)||Shravana|
|Ekadashis in September 2023|
|September 10, 2023||Aja Ekadashi||Shravana|
|September 25, 2023||Parsva Ekadashi||Bhadrapada|
|September 26, 2023||Parsva Ekadashi (Vaishnava)||Bhadrapada|
|Ekadashis in October 2023|
|October 10, 2023||Indira Ekadashi||Bhadrapada|
|October 25, 2023||Papankusha Ekadashi||Aswayuja|
|Ekadashis in November 2023|
|November 9, 2023||Rama Ekadashi||Aswayuja|
|November 23, 2023||Devutthana Ekadashi||Kartika|
|Ekadashis in December 2023|
|December 8, 2023||Utpanna Ekadashi||Kartika|
|December 9, 2023||Utpanna Ekadashi(Vaishnava)||Kartika|
|December 22, 2023||Mokshada Ekadashi||Margashira|
|December 23, 2023||Mokshada Ekadashi (Vaishnava)||Margashira|
Please note: these Ekadashi dates are given for Hyderabad, Telangana. If you are living in other than Telangana state, please have a look at Panchanga page for Ekadashi at Sunrise.
How many Ekadashis are there in a Hindu Year?
In a normal Hindu year, there are 24 Ekadashis in total. If it is a leap year (Adhika Masa), there will be 2 more Ekadashis will fall in that year. Every month there will be a Suddha Ekadashi and a Bahula Ekadashi.
What is Nirjala Ekadashi Vrat?
Every Ekadashi has its own significance. Jyesta Suddha Ekadashi is called as Nirjala Ekadashi. This Ekadashi comes in summer season ((May/ June month) every year. Nirjala means, no water. Those who are following this Nirjala Ekadashi vrat, they should not take water on that day. This is one of the most sacred Ekadashi Vrat.
What is Upavas
In Sanskrit Upavas means staying near to God. In this day devotees pray lord Vishnu and donate their food to poor and they stay with empty stomach. on Dwadashi, Afternoon they give food to a brahmin or a guest and then only they take food. They believe that this will give nullify their bad deed done in this birth and past birth and gives moksha.
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