Ekadasi (Sanskrit: एकादशी, Tamil: ஏகாதசி, Bengali: একাদশী Telugu: ఏకాదశి, ekādaśī, "Eleven"), also spelled as Ekadashi, is the eleventh lunar day (tithi) of the shukla (bright) or krishna (dark) paksha (fortnight) of every lunar month in the Hindu (Vedic) calendar (Panchang). In Hinduism and Jainism it is considered a spiritually beneficial day and is usually observed by a partial fast. Beans and grains are not eaten during Ekadasi, as on this day these two foods are believed to be contaminated by sin. Only fruits, vegetables and milk products are eaten during Ekadasi. This period of abstention runs from sunrise on the day of Ekadasi to sunrise on the day following Ekadasi.
Two Ekadasis occur in one month according to positions of the moon. The progression of the moon from full moon to new moon is divided into fifteen equal arcs. Each arc measures one lunar day, called tithi(About 12 degree distance between Sun and Moon): The time it takes the moon to traverse that distance is the length of that lunar day. Ekadashi refers to the 11 tithi, or lunar day. The eleventh tithi therefore corresponds to a precise phase of the waxing and waning moon: In the bright half of the lunar month, the moon will appear roughly 3/4 full on Ekadasi, and in the dark half of the lunar month, the moon will be about 3/4 dark on Ekadasi.
Bhagavata Purana (sk. IX, adhy. 4) notes the observation of Ekadashi by Ambarisha, a devotee of Vishnu. Astrologically Moon's position on Suddha Ekadashi will be 5th house from Sun, House of Knowledge and Purva punya and in Bahula paksha it will be 12th house from Sun, House of Moksha.
|Date||Name of the Ekadashi||Hindu Month||Presiding deity|
|Ekadashi in January 2020|
|January 6, 2020||(Pushya) Putrada Ekadashi, Vaikuntha Ekadashi||Pushya||Naaraayana|
|January 20, 2020||Shattila Ekadashi||Pushya||Naaraayana|
|Ekadashi in February 2020|
|February 5, 2020||Jaya Ekadasi||Magha||Maadhava|
|February 19, 2020||Vijaya Ekadashi||Magha||Maadhava|
|Ekadashi in March 2020|
|March 6, 2020||Amalaki Ekadashi||Phalguna||Govinda|
|March 19, 2020||Papmochani Ekadasi (Smarta)||Phalguna||Govinda|
|March 20, 2020||Papmochani Ekadasi (Vaishnava, Madhva)||Phalguna|
|Ekadashi in April 2020|
|April 4, 2020||Kamada Ekadashi||Chaitra||Vishnu|
|April 18, 2020||Varuthini Ekadashi||Chaitra||Vishnu|
|Ekadashi in May 2020|
|May 3, 2020||Mohini Ekadashi(Smarta)||Vaishakha||Madhusudana|
|May 4, 2020||Mohini Ekadashi(Vaishnava, Madhva)||Vaishakha||Madhusudana|
|May 18, 2020||Apara Ekadashi||Vaishakha||Madhusudana|
|Ekadashi in June 2020|
|June 2, 2020||Nirjala Ekadashi||Jyeshtha||Trivikrama|
|June 17, 2020||Yogini Ekadashi||Jyeshtha||Trivikrama|
|Ekadashi in July 2020|
|July 1, 2020||Devshayani Ekadashi||Ashadha||Vaamana|
|July 16, 2020||Kamika Ekadashi||Ashadha||Vaamana|
|July 30, 2020||Putrada Ekadashi (Sravana)||Shravana||Sridhara|
|Ekadashi in August 2020|
|August 15, 2020||Aja Ekadashi||Shravana|
|August 29, 2020||Parsva Ekadashi||Bhadrapada||Hrisikesha|
|Ekadashi in September 2020|
|September 13, 2020||Indira Ekadashi||Bhadrapada||Hrisikesha|
|September 27, 2020||Padmini Ekadashi||Adhika Aswayuja||Purushottama|
|Ekadashi in October 2020|
|October 13, 2020||Parama Ekadashi||Adhika Aswayuja||Purushottama|
|October 27, 2020||Papankusha Ekadashi||Aswayuja||Padmanabha|
|Ekadashi in November 2020|
|November 11, 2020||Rama Ekadashi||Aswayuja||Padmanabha|
|November 25, 2020||Devutthana Ekadashi (Smarta)||Kartika||Damodara|
|November 26, 2020||Devutthana Ekadashi (Vaishnava, Madhva)||Kartika||Damodara|
|Ekadashi in December 2020|
|December 11, 2020||Utpanna Ekadashi||Kartika||Damodara|
|December 25, 2020||Mokshada Ekadashi, Vaikuntha Ekadashi||Margashira||Keshava|
How many Ekadashis are there in a Hindu Year?
In a normal Hindu year, there are 24 Ekadashis in total. If it is a leap year (Adhika Masa), there will be 2 more Ekadashis will fall in that year. Every month there will be a Suddha Ekadashi and a Bahula Ekadashi.
What is Nirjala Ekadashi Vrat?
Every Ekadashi has its own significance. Jyesta Suddha Ekadashi is called as Nirjala Ekadashi. This Ekadashi comes in summer season ((May/ June month) every year. Nirjala means, no water. Those who are following this Nirjala Ekadashi vrat, they should not take water on that day. This is one of the most sacred Ekadashi Vrat.
What is Upavas
In Sanskrit Upavas means staying near to God. In this day devotees pray lord Vishnu and donate their food to poor and they stay with empty stomach. on Dwadashi, Afternoon they give food to a brahmin or a guest and then only they take food. They believe that this will give nullify their bad deed done in this birth and past birth and gives moksha.
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